Listing of Glossary
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Tagged Image File Format: a family of image encoding formats which can vary the resolution and the number of bits used to represent each cell.
a branch of mathematics concerned with those properties of geometry which are independent of a distance metric and are unchanged by any continuous deformation. In cartography, topology refers to combinatorial topology. The other branch, point-set or algebraic topology, "emerged in the twentieth century as a subject that unifies almost the whole of mathematics" (Boyer and Merzbach 1991, p. 622) and is used as the basis for relational databases.
|Topology of topography||
qualitative (ordinal) relationships in the structure of a surface. Topography refers to the surface of the earth.
A map displaying selected kinds of information relating to specific themes, such as soil, land-use, population density, suitability for arable crops, and so on. Thematic information may be reprsented as labelled polygons. lines or points, chloropleth maps, isolines, etc.
A map showing natural and man-made features as well as relief, often in the form of contours.
The configuration of a planetary surface including its relief and the position of its natural and man made features.
The process of changing the scale, projection, or orientation of a mapped image.
A user-defined perspective on a coverage, grid, tin or image geographic data set specified, if applicable, by a coverage name and feature class or data set name, attributes of interest, a data classification scheme, and theme-specific symbology for drawing.
Analytical techniques that quantify terrain parameters (slope, aspect) or the effect of terrain on a particular operation.