Background and Evolution

 

The need for geospatial information to assist in the planning and development of land resources in Malaysia has been felt since the early 70’s. As a consequence, much effort have been made by various Federal and State government agencies in establishing computerised land information systems to expedite the processes involved in land related activities, making full use of ICT in their endeavours. The systems that have been developed contained valuable information to geospatial data users. However, they exist as standalone systems in an “islands of information systems”, thereby making it difficult for users to obtain access to them. The infrastructure to support effective data sharing is clearly lacking resulting in many land related agencies duplicating work of others. Various agencies were performing their own data acquisition and management, and guarding their “proprietary data”. Data sharing between agencies was nominal. In realising that there is a need for the sharing of information and for the systems to be linked, National Infrastructure for Land Information System (NaLIS) was consequently initiated in 1997.

 

Basically, NaLIS was established as an initiative of the Government to encourage and facilitate the sharing, Exchange, dissemination and use of geospatial information among relevant agencies and other users. This will be achieved through on-line access to information residing in various land related agencies via the Internet through the NaLIS. NALIS also has the objective to avoid wasteful duplication of effort in collection and management of geospatial information, in addition to ensure the accuracy, timeliness, accuracy and consistency of information that can be used in development planning and management of land resources.

 

In November 1997, a unit known as the NaLIS Secretariat established in the IT Division of the Ministry of land and cooperative development. The scope and task of this unit is to conduct development of national geospatial data infrastructure encompasses policies, standards, technologies, regulations, laws, safety and support for the preparation of the data agencies at all levels of Government. One of the early projects carried out by the Secretariat of the NaLIS is the development of a pilot project involving online data sharing between 16 Agencies of federal, State and local  Authorities  in the Klang Valley.

 

MyGDI contributed to the evolution of Federal and national geospatial initiatives since its creation in 1997. Formerly known as NaLIS initiative. Some of these initiatives are highlighted in the following figure.

 


 Watch video to know more about MaCGDI 


 

The Evolution Of The Malaysian Data Infrastructure (MyGDI)

 

 National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse Network (1998,2001,2004)

 Geospatial Data Development at PBTs and JPBD (2000,2001,2005)

 Geospatial portal for Malaysia MyGeoportal (2005)

 Kajian ERAS (2006)

 MyGDI Explorer (2006)

 Kajian Impak MyGDI (2010)

 MyGeoMap (2010)

 GDC (2009- 2011)

 MyGDI Data Services (2013)

 Malaysia Geospatial Online Services (MyGOS) (2014)

 MyGeoTranslator (2015)


The National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse (Clearinghouse Network) is a network which was developed by MaCGDI (formerly known as NaLIS Secretariat) in the late 1990s as a way to encourage sharing of resources between geospatial pilot agencies. Network Clearinghouse is a system of distributed Internet Server-hierarchy that contains Standard metadata records of digital spatial data and services. Using existing Web technologies for publication and discovery of available network resources, the geospatial Clearinghouse serve as an interoperable Catalog Services. Clearinghouse network functions as a component of the National Spatial Data infrastructure and providing access to digital data and services, while minimising duplication of data collection, promote coordinated collection efforts, and provide a mechanism for the dissemination of primary data. Clearinghouse network consisting of hundreds of Government and other user organizations and served as the basis for the evolution of Geospatial one stop Malaysia online services. Mygdi Clearinghouses are hosted in one of the Data Center States except Sarawak.

 


Malaysia Geospatial Online Services @ MyGOS (2015)

 

Established in 2014, Malaysia Geospatial online services (MyGOS) promoted coordination and alignment of geospatial data collection, maintenance and access between all levels of Government. MyGOS serves as an interoperable, Web-based portal and repository of spatial data and Web services and support the collabaration between non govermental agencies . It has beeb developed in response to the Agency's specific mission including supporting the government business processes, decision making, and service needs of the people. MyGOS allows coordination of government geospatial data and services and increased efficiency in enabling easier, faster and cheaper  access to geospatial data. MyGOS provide early to Data.gov.my the open data initiative web portal  of Malaysia.


 

MyGeoMap (2012)

MyGeoMap adalah aplikasi yang telah dibangunkan khusus untuk pengguna awam untuk menarik minat dan memberi kefahaman kepada pengguna awam berkenaan GIS. Pengguna awam boleh membuat carian tempat-tempat tumpuan seperti kedai, stesen minyak, hotel, bank, pasar dan sebagainya, membuat capaian ke data imagery dan vektor dari BING serta membuat carian interaktif melalui aplikasi ini. Sebelum ini, carian tempat-tempat tumpuan hanya berfokus di kawasan Kuala Lumpur sahaja  tetapi sekarang telah diluaskan liputannya dari Perlis hingga ke Sabah dan carian ini terbuka kepada semua pengguna.

 

Malaysia Geospatial Fundamental Data Set @ GDC (2009-2010)


GDC merupakan komponen utama framework data di dalam pelaksanaan Infrastruktur Data Geospatial Negara (MyGDI). Bagi memperkasakan pembangunan dan pelaksanaan GDC, inisiatif penetapan data geospatial asas (fitur fundamental) diambil bertujuan untuk memberi fokus kepada fitur-fitur utama sahaja di mana pemilihan fitur ini adalah berdasarkan keperluan oleh kebanyakan pengguna data dan ia tidak terikat kepada maklumat geospatial terperingkat. Ketersediaan data asas ini merupakan elemen penting yang boleh digunakan sebagai asas kepada pembangunan data geospatial lain.

 


MyGeoportal (2010)

 

The Geospatial Platform is an Internet-based capability providing a managed portfolio of shared and trusted geospatial data, services, and applications for use by government agencies and partners to meet their mission needs and by the public. Hosted on a shared cloud-computing infrastructure, the Geospatial Platform leverages interagency coordination efforts and utilizes best practices, new technologies, and open standards to provide more accessible data and services while realizing efficiencies through shared infrastructure and economies of scale. The Geospatial Platform is the logical outgrowth of previous data discovery mechanisms, building on lessons learned from the Clearinghouse Network and the Geospatial One Stop.  The Geospatial Platform provides a new and enhanced focal point for easy discovery and access to trusted geospatial data, services, applications, and infrastructure. It serves to effectively support problem solving and policy formulation for the complex issues facing our Nation, assist decision-making with data in readily available and intuitive formats, and inform day-to-day Federal agency management activities while avoiding duplicative costs. 

 


MyGDI Catalogue @ MyGDI Explorer (2006)

 

 

MyGDI Explorer adalah katalog metadata yang membolehkan pengguna untuk meneroka, mencari, melihat dan menilai data geospatial di mana sahaja dan pada bila-bila masa. MyGDI Explorer memudahkan capaian kepada maklumat geospatial, menggalakkan integrasi yang lebih baik, dan mengelakkan pertindihan usaha serta menggalakkan perkongsian maklumat geospatial di antara pengguna dan agensi-agensi di Malaysia .

MyGDI Exporer mengandungi rekod-rekod yang menerangkan kandungan bahan dan maklumat serta bagaimana untuk mengakses maklumat tersebut. Aplikasi ini juga membolehkan pengguna untuk mencari sumber GIS, melihat keterangan dan membuat penilaian terhadap rekod metadata yang dipaparkan hasil dari carian mereka. MyGDI Explorer boleh ditakrifkan sebagai medium penyebaran maklumat geospatial yang menghubungkan pembekal-pembekal data dengan pengguna-pengguna di seluruh Malaysia. Ia menghubungkan pembekal data dengan pengguna maklumat geospatial melalui internet. Peningkatan ketersediaan data yang melibatkan pelbagai sumber yang berbeza menjadikan teknologi GIS lebih berguna dan diterima pakai secara meluas. Maklumat yang diterbitkan di dalam metadata oleh pembekal data membolehkan pengguna untuk mencari data yang diperlukan.