Mapping Species in Biodiversity Informatics Database : Issues and Challenges

Biodiversity according to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) is defined as the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. The broad knowledge jurisdiction of which biodiversity is accountable and the increasing recognition of the role of biodiversity in economic, scientific and educational aspects of life have increased its importance and are considered as key issues in sustainable development policies. The recent growth in biodiversity data available through digital archives has necessitated the creation of a biodiversity databases and information management systems. The interconnectivity of the Internet has also act as an effective tool for disseminating information for the global audience. Such phenomenon combined with the increasing emphasis on biodiversity has created a demand for biodiversity knowledge (Bisby 2000; Oliver et al. 2000; Edwards et al. 2000). The increase in demand and amount of biodiversity data has created a need for structured information domain accessible through the web. Various databases for biodiversity and conservation research have been created to cater for this increasing demand.

 

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